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The Major Cults

Cult Name

Link

Description

General

"The Challenge of the Cults"

This entry is Chapter 1 from Anthony A. Hoekema, The Four Major Cults (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1963). It represents a brief introduction and overview of the cults in general.

Jehovah's Witnesses

"Jehovah-Witness Teaching on the Person of Christ"

This entry is Appendix D from Anthony A. Hoekema, The Four Major Cults (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1963). It gives a detailed, Scriptural critique of the arguments of Jehovah's Witnesses against the deity of Jesus Christ.

"The Jehovah's Witnesses and Jesus Christ"

This entry is an article by noted New Testament scholar Bruce M. Metzger, late professor at Princeton Theological Seminary, "The Jehovah's Witnesses and Jesus Christ: A Biblical and Theological Appraisal," Theology Today 10 (April 1953). According to Dr. Hoekema (The Four Major Cults, 1963, pp. 335-36), this paper by Dr. Metzger "is perhaps the most scholarly refutation of Watchtower teachings on the person of Christ ever penned...In this twenty-page article Professor Metzger adduces several Scripture passages which prove the full deity of Jesus Christ and then proceeds to attack the Jehovah-Witness translations and exegeses of a number of New Testament passages dealing with the person of Christ. Anyone desiring a competent evaluation of Watchtower exegetical methods should obtain a copy of Metzger's article."

"The Teachings of Seventh-Day Adventists and Jehovah's Witnesses on the Life After Death--Part I"

This entry is Part I of Appendix E from Anthony A. Hoekema, The Four Major Cults (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1963). It discusses all the relevant Scriptural passages dealing with what happens between death and resurrection, called in theology the "intermediate state." The Jehovah-Witness and Seventh-Day Adventist teaching of "soul-sleep" or "soul extinction" is critiqued. Note: This same article appears below in the section on Seventh-Day Adventists.

"The Teachings of Seventh-Day Adventists and Jehovah's Witnesses on the Life After Death--Part II"

This entry is Part II of Appendix E from Anthony A. Hoekema, The Four Major Cults (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1963). It discusses all the relevant Scriptural passages dealing with what happens after the final judgment--what happens to the righteous and the wicked. The Jehovah-Witness and Seventh-Day Adventist teaching of "conditional immortality," or sometimes called "annihilationism," is critiqued. Note: This same article appears below in the section on Seventh-Day Adventists.

"Conditional Immortality"

This entry is chapter 11 in the book, Man: His Nature and Destiny, by Cornelius R. Stam. Like Dr. Hoekema's article above, this chapter discusses the view called "conditional immortality," or sometimes called "annihilationism," which holds that the wicked are annihilated rather than suffer eternal punishment. Note: This same article appears below in the section on Seventh-Day Adventists.

Mormons

"The Book of Mormon"

This entry is Appendix A from Anthony A. Hoekema, The Four Major Cults (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1963). It gives devastating and scholarly analysis of the claims regarding this book as a second revelation from God. Over and over again you will be asking yourself, how can anyone believe the Mormons' claims about how this book originated?

"Anachronisms and Historical Inaccuracies in the Mormon Scriptures"

This entry is Appendix 3 from Gleason L. Archer, Jr., A Survey of Old Testament Introduction (Chicago: Moody Press, 1974), a standard seminary textbook. The title indicates what Dr. Archer discusses in this appendix.

Seventh Day Adventists

"The Teachings of Seventh-Day Adventists and Jehovah's Witnesses on the Life After Death--Part I"

This entry is Part I of Appendix E from Anthony A. Hoekema, The Four Major Cults (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1963). It discusses all the relevant Scriptural passages dealing with what happens between death and resurrection, called in theology the "intermediate state." The Jehovah-Witness and Seventh-Day Adventist teaching of "soul-sleep" or "soul extinction" is critiqued. Note: This same article appears above in the section on Jehovah's Witnesses.

"The Teachings of Seventh-Day Adventists and Jehovah's Witnesses on the Life After Death--Part II"

This entry is Part II of Appendix E from Anthony A. Hoekema, The Four Major Cults (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1963). It discusses all the relevant Scriptural passages dealing with what happens after the final judgment--what happens to the righteous and the wicked. The Jehovah-Witness and Seventh-Day Adventist teaching of "conditional immortality," or sometimes called "annihilationism," is critiqued. Note: This same article appears above in the section on Jehovah's Witnesses.

"Conditional Immortality"

This entry is chapter 11 in the book, Man: His Nature and Destiny, by Cornelius R. Stam. Like Dr. Hoekema's article above, this chapter discusses the view called "conditional immortality," or sometimes called "annihilationism," which holds that the wicked are annihilated rather than suffer eternal punishment. Note: This same article appears above in the section on Jehovah's Witnesses.


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