Bible Doctrines
Bible Doctrines

A number of terms are used in the study of the Bible.

There are several approaches to the study of theology. The two most relevant here are biblical theology and systematic theology. The following definitions are simplified, and much more could be said. However, they do represent reasonable working definitions.

These are the major divisions of sytematic theology:

Some books on systematic theology add additional divisions rather than include them as subtopics under the above list. These include:

It is of great importance that all Bible-believing Christians have a sound grasp of the basic doctrines foundational to our faith. The following materials are organized under the divisions of systematic theology. The definitions of these divisions are given below the table.


Divisions of Systematic Theology

Author

Title

Nature of Our Reprint

Bibliology

Addison H. Leitch

"The Knowledge of God: General and Special Revelation"

From Carl F. H. Henry, ed., Basic Christian Doctrines; Baker Book House, 1971.

Theology Proper

Jacob Catlin

"The Decrees of God"

Essay VIII, "The Decrees of God," from A Compendium of the System of Divine Truth (Hartford: George Goodwin & Sons, 1818). Note: The text has not been modified except for some very light editing for clarity. Also, punctuation and KJV-era pronouns and verb forms have been modernized and long paragraphs have been divided.

Geoffrey W. Bromiley

"The Holy Spirit"

This essay was the thirteenth and final in a series of essays on "Fundamentals of the Faith" appearing quarterly in Christianity Today as a bonus booklet.

James Montgomery Boice

"Predestination and Free Will"

An article from Tenth, An Evangelical Quarterly, July, 1983

John Smalley

"On the Immutability of God"

Sermon V from Sermons, on a Number of Connected Subjects by John Smalley (Hartford: Oliver D. Cooke, 1803). Note: The text has not been modified except for some very light editing for clarity. Also, punctuation and KJV-era pronouns and verb forms have been modernized, long paragraphs have been divided, and the NKJV has been used for numerous quotations.

Andrew K. Rule

"Providence and Preservation"

From Carl F. H. Henry, ed., Basic Christian Doctrines; Baker Book House, 1971.

Loraine Boettner

"The Providence of God"

Chapter V taken from The Reformed Doctrine of Predestination, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1936.

John Calvin

"Providence"

From Calvin's Commentaries, Vol. 6, pgs. 344-346.

Anthropology

John Murray

"The Fall of Man"

From Collected Writings of John Murray, Vol. II, Banner of Truth Trust, 1977.

Charles Hodge

"Free Agency"

From Systematic Theology, Vol. II, Part II, Chapter IX.

Hamartiology

J. Oliver Buswell, Jr.

"The Origin and Nature of Sin"

From Carl F. H. Henry, ed., Basic Christian Doctrines; Baker Book House, 1971.

Christology

Calvin D. Linton

"Jesus Christ the Divine Redeemer"

This essay was the seventh in a series of essays on "Fundamentals of the Faith" appearing quarterly in Christianity Today as a bonus booklet.

J. Gresham Machen

"The Virgin Birth of Christ"

Chapter 15 from the book The Virgin Birth of Christ, 1930.

Wayne E. Ward

"The Person of Christ: The Kenotic Theory"

From Carl F. H. Henry, ed., Basic Christian Doctrines; Baker Book House, 1971.

Soteriology

John F. Walvoord

"Propitiation"

This chapter from Truth for Today originally appeared in two articles dated April 1962 and July 1962 in Bibliotheca Sacra.

Leon Morris

Apostolic Preaching of the Cross

The Apostolic Preaching of the Cross by Leon Morris (1955) is one of the finest scholarly studies of the great theological terms used to describe the atonement. It gives an in-depth analysis of the Greek words for redemption, blood, propitiation, reconciliation, and justification in their preaching and in writing the New Testament. Morris addresses the meaning and use of these words in the New Testament and Septuagint, as well as their Hebrew counterparts. It is a book well worth having in your library and well worth diligent study. However, Morris does provide an excellent concluding chapter that summarizes the major conclusions reached in the book. We reproduce that chapter here.

M. Eugene Osterhaven

"Common Grace"

From Carl F. H. Henry, ed., Basic Christian Doctrines; Baker Book House, 1971.

J. Norval Geldenhuys

"Effectual Calling"

From Carl F. H. Henry, ed., Basic Christian Doctrines; Baker Book House, 1971.

Eric J. Alexander

"Regeneration: Beginning with God"

An article from Tenth, An Evangelical Quarterly, July, 1980

Asahel Nettleton

"Regeneration"

This article (sermon?) is found on many Web sites, none giving bibliographic data. It might come from Nettleton's (1783-1844) biography, Asahel Nettleton: Life and Labors, by his contemporaries, Bennet Tyler and Andrew Bonar (latest reprint by Banner of Truth, 1996).

Thomas H. Gallaudet

"The Necessity of Divine Influence in Salvation" (Part 1)

Discourse XI from Discourses on Various Points of Christian Faith and Practice by Thomas H. Gallaudet (London: Ellerton and Henderson, 1818). Note: The text has not been modified, except that punctuation and KJV-era pronouns and verb forms have been modernized and long paragraphs have been divided.

"The Necessity of Divine Influence in Salvation" (Part 2)"

Discourse XII from Discourses on Various Points of Christian Faith and Practice by Thomas H. Gallaudet (London: Ellerton and Henderson, 1818). Note: The text has not been modified, except that punctuation and KJV-era pronouns and verb forms have been modernized and long paragraphs have been divided.

John Smalley

"On Repentance"

Excerpt from Sermon XVII, "On Repentance, Conversion, and Pardon," from Sermons, on a Number of Connected Subjects by John Smalley (Hartford: Oliver D. Cooke, 1803). Note: The text has not been modified except for some very light editing for clarity. Also, punctuation and KJV-era pronouns and verb forms have been modernized, long paragraphs have been divided, and the NKJV has been used for quotations.

G. M. Mathews

"The Fruits of Justification"

The various aspects of salvation are put in the following sequence by Paul in Romans 8:30: predestination, calling, justification, and glorification. This reprint is chapter VI from G. M. Matthews, Justification (Dayton, OH: United Brethren Publishing House, 1902).

Note: The author is not a Calvinist and takes an Arminian view of salvation. However, this does not materially affect the points made in this chapter.

John H. Gerstner

"Adoption: Belonging to God's Family"

An article from Tenth, An Evangelical Quarterly, July, 1980

Charles M. Horne

"The Assurance of Salvation"

Chapter 6 of Salvation, Chicago: Moody Press, 1971.

J. B. Rowell

"Exposition of Hebrews Six"

Bibliotheca Sacra 94 (Jul-Sep 1937). Hebrews 6:4-6 is often used as an argument against the doctrine of the perseverance of the saints (also called "eternal security"). Dr. Rowell presents a detailed, phrase-by-phrase exposition of the text.

Charles Bridges

"Assurance"

Excerpt from Psalm 119: An Exposition.
For an abridged and paraphrased version of this excerpt, click here.

Ecclesiology

Robert Duncan Culver

"Defining Ecclesiology"

This entry is Chapter 2 from Part 6 of Systematic Theology: Biblical and Historical (Christian Focus Publications, 2005).

John Lillie

"Does Baptism Save?"
1 Peter 3:21, 22

This is Lecture XXIII in Lectures on the First and Second Epistles of Peter (Charles Scribner, 1869).

Robert L. Saucy

"Subjects of Baptism"

This excerpt is from Chapter 9 in The Church in God's Program (Moody Press, 1972).

Kenneth J. Morgan

"Did Water Baptism Replace Circumcision as the 'Sign of the Covenant'?"

This is an original article by Ken Morgan highlighting the most obvious weaknesses in the position that baptism replaces circumcision.

Eschatology

William G. T. Shedd

"The Intermediate or Disembodied State"

Chapter 1 of the Eschatology section of vol. II of Dogmatic Theology (1888).

Fred Carl Kuehner

"Heaven or Hell?"

This essay was the twelfth in a series of essays on "Fundamentals of the Faith" appearing quarterly in Christianity Today as a bonus booklet.

John H. Gerstner

"The Fate of the Heathen"

Baker's Dictionary of Theology, ed. Everett F Harrison (Baker, 1960)

Walter W. Wessel

"The Resurrection of the Dead and Final Judgment"

From Carl F. H. Henry, ed., Basic Christian Doctrines; Baker Book House, 1971.

Wilbur M. Smith

"The Second Advent of Christ"

This essay was the tenth in a series of essays on "Fundamentals of the Faith" appearing quarterly in Christianity Today as a bonus booklet.

Carl Armerding

"Russia and the King of the North"

Bibliotheca Sacra, 120 (Jan-Mar 1963). This article discusses the "Gog" from Ezekeil 38-39 and the "king of the north" from Daniel 11. Do the two passages refer to the same kings or to two different kings?


© Copyright 2017 Rediscovering the Bible. All Rights Reserved. | Contact Us | Email Webmaster