Not by might nor by power, but by my Spirit,
says Yahweh of Hosts. Zechariah 4:6
Lift up your heads, O gates, and be lifted up, O ancient doors,
That the King of Glory may come in! Who is this King of Glory?
Yahweh of Hosts: He is the King of Glory. Psalm 24:9-10
Edmund Grindal was born near St. Bees, Cumberland, about the year 1519. He attended Magdalen College, Christ's College and Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, taking his degree in 1538, elected fellow the same year, made proctor of the University in 1548 and Lady Margaret preacher in 1549. In 1550 he became chaplain to Nicholas Ridley, bishop of London, in 1551 precentor of St. Paul's Cathedral, and a chaplain to Edward VI. The following year he became prebendary of Westminster.
In 1553, when Mary came to the throne, Grindal and others fled to the continent, living successively at Strassbourg, Wasselheim, Speyer and Frankfort. He returned to London in 1559, after the death of Queen Mary. He assisted in revising the liturgy, and he took part in a dispute at Westminster with the Roman Catholic leaders. He was made master of Pembroke Hall in 1559, and then bishop of London. In 1570 he became bishop of York, and in 1576 archbishop of Canterbury. Queen Elizabeth sought his removal from this office because of his Puritan views, and in 1577 he was sequestered by the Star Chamber, but restored to his office in 1582.
Edmund Grindal cared but little for the offices to which he was appointed, but longed to return to congregational life, where he could devote his time to the preparation and preaching of sermons. A Puritan in his views, he was never happy as bishop and archbishop. He was an able preacher, but not an exceptional one, for in his day there were very few preachers of extraordinary power. Very few of his sermons have survived.
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