J. Gresham Machen's Picture

J. Gresham Machen

1881-1937

His Life and Defence of the Bible

William Masselink, Th.D.

American Presbyterian Theologian

Why Read This Book

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John Gresham Machen was a professor of New Testament at Princeton Seminary from 1906 to 1929 and is considered the last of the great Princeton theologians, following in the footsteps of Archibald Alexander, Charles Hodge, A. A. Hodge, and Benjamin B. Warfield. He was a leading figure in the Modernist-Fundamentalist controversy in the early 1900s, and with great intellect defended the historic doctrines of Christianity.

When Princeton Seminary was reorganized in 1929 to become a more "moderate" school, Machen left and was instrumental in forming Westminster Theological Seminary, where he served as professor of New Testament until his death on January 1, 1937. In 1936 he also led a relatively small group of conservatives from the now liberal Prebyterian Church USA (PSUSA) to form the Orthodox Presbyterian Church (OPC).

During his short life, Machen wrote many books including The Origin of Paul's Religion (1921), Christianity and Liberalism (1923), and the classic The Virgin Birth of Christ (1930). His textbook, New Testament Greek for Beginners (1923) is still a commonly used text in seminaries today.

This biography of Machen is in five chapters. In chapter five, Masselink describes his appreciation for Machen and also offers his criticisms. We decided to include only the strictly biographical chapters one through four. We have also taken the liberty to correct numerous typographical errors and also to bring some consistency to the punctuation.

Preface

Chapter 1

The Life of J. Gresham Machen

Chapter 2

The Modernistic Movements Which Machen Opposed

Chapter 3

The Methods of Machen's Apologetics

Chapter 4

What Machen Defended In His Apologetics

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