Essays on Apologetics


Apologetics is a branch of theological/biblical study that focuses on defending Christianity and its doctrines against critics outside the Christian faith. The word apologetics is from the Greek word apologia, meaning defense. It is used eight times in the New Testament (Acts 22:1; 25:16; 1 Cor. 9:3; 2 Cor. 7:11; Phil. 1:7, 17; 2 Tim. 4:16; and 1 Pet. 3:15). For example:

Brethren and fathers, hear my defense which I now offer to you. (Acts 22:1)

For it is only right for me to feel this way about you all, because I have you in my heart, since both in my imprisonment and in the defense and confirmation of the gospel, you all are partakers of grace with me. (Phil. 1:7)

But sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you, yet with gentleness and reverence. (1 Pet. 3:15).

The articles we have posted below on this page are from older classics on apologetics. Among the modern books on apologetics, here are a few that are recommended for further study.

  • An Introduction to Christian Apologetics by Edward J. Carnell
  • Christian Apologetics by Normal L. Geisler
  • The God Who Is There by Francis Schaeffer
  • Evidence that Demands a Verdict by Josh Mcdowell
  • The New Evidence that Demands a Verdict by Josh McDowell
  • Reasonable Faith: Christian Truth and Apologetics by William Lane Craig
  • Five Views on Apologetics by Steven B. Cowan and Stanley N. Gundry